Holy Spirit name in Hebrew


The Holy Spirit is a central figure in Christian theology, representing the third person of the Holy Trinity. While the concept of the Holy Spirit is a core part of Christian doctrine, the specific name used to refer to the Holy Spirit in the original Hebrew scriptures is less well known. In this article, we will explore the Hebrew name for the Holy Spirit and its significance.

The Holy Spirit in the Hebrew Bible: Ruach HaKodesh

In the Hebrew Bible, the divine spirit is most commonly referred to using the term “Ruach HaKodesh” (רוּחַ הַקֹּדֶשׁ). This phrase is a powerful combination of two Hebrew words that together convey the profound essence of the Holy Spirit.

Ruach (רוּחַ): This multifaceted word carries a range of meanings, including “wind,” “breath,” and “spirit.” At its core, Ruach represents a vital, animating force – the very essence of life and dynamism that permeates the universe. In the context of the divine, Ruach embodies the life-giving, empowering presence of God.

HaKodesh (הַקֹּדֶשׁ): This descriptor denotes something that is “the Holy” or “the Sacred.” It imbues the subject with a sense of profound reverence, transcendence, and divine significance. When applied to the spiritual realm, HaKodesh underscores the set-apart, hallowed nature of the divine.

Ruach HaKodesh: The Holy Spirit

When these two powerful terms are combined, the result is “Ruach HaKodesh” – “The Holy Spirit” or “The Sacred Spirit.” This name emphasizes the divine, holy, and powerful nature of the third person of the Christian Trinity. It represents the active, animating presence of God, the spiritual force that empowers believers, and the manifestation of the sacred within the material world.

Through this rich linguistic and theological tapestry, the term “Ruach HaKodesh” encapsulates the dynamic, life-giving, and sacred essence of the divine spirit that permeates the universe and the lives of those who seek to connect with the transcendent.

The Significance of the Hebrew Name “Ruach HaKodesh”

The Hebrew name “Ruach HaKodesh” for the Holy Spirit holds deep theological significance within the Judeo-Christian tradition.

Emphasis on Spirituality

The use of the word “Ruach” in the name highlights the spiritual, non-physical nature of the Holy Spirit. Rather than being a tangible, corporeal being, the Holy Spirit is understood as a divine, animating force – a “breath” or “wind” of God that inspires, empowers, and transforms. This emphasis on the Spirit’s ethereal, immaterial qualities stands in contrast to more physical or anthropomorphic conceptions of the divine.

Holiness and Sacredness

The descriptor “HaKodesh,” meaning “the Holy,” underscores the absolute holiness and sacred nature of the Holy Spirit. This name sets the Spirit apart from ordinary spirits, forces, or energies, imbuing it with a sense of profound reverence and transcendence. The Holy Spirit is not merely a spiritual entity, but one that is wholly set apart, pure, and worthy of the utmost respect and devotion.

Connection to the Old Testament

The use of Hebrew terminology in the name “Ruach HaKodesh” roots the concept of the Holy Spirit firmly within the context of the Hebrew scriptures and Jewish theological tradition. This linguistic connection serves to link the New Testament understanding of the Holy Spirit to its Old Testament foundations, where the “Ruach of God” is a central motif. By employing this Hebrew name, Christian theology affirms the continuity between the Old and New Testaments, and the Holy Spirit’s place within the broader sweep of God’s revelatory work.

Continuity with Jewish Theology

The name “Ruach HaKodesh” aligns with Jewish teachings about the divine spirit that interacts with and empowers human beings. In Jewish thought, the “Ruach” is the animating, life-giving force of God that infuses creation and empowers individuals for various tasks and callings. By adopting this terminology, Christian theology embraces a fundamental aspect of Jewish theological anthropology, underscoring the ways in which the Holy Spirit continues and fulfills this divine-human dynamic.

Read also: Holy Spirit my helper


The Hebrew name for the Holy Spirit, “Ruach HaKodesh,” encapsulates the core attributes of this pivotal figure in Christian theology. By understanding the meaning and significance of this name, we gain deeper insight into the Holy Spirit’s spiritual nature, sacred status, and continuity with Jewish theological traditions. This knowledge can enhance our appreciation and understanding of this vital component of the Holy Trinity.

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