Biggest Challenges for Christians in the Modern World


In today’s fast-paced, technology-driven world, Christians face a multitude of challenges that can distract from their faith and relationship with God. While distractions from God’s Word and the allure of worldly pleasures are significant hurdles, there are deeper, more complex issues that Christians must grapple with in order to stay grounded in their beliefs and effectively reach the lost.  As followers of Christ, it’s important that we identify and understand these challenges, not just for the sake of our own spiritual wellbeing, but also to equip ourselves to minister to those who have not yet accepted the gospel. Only by facing these difficulties head-on can we hope to overcome them and live out our faith with authenticity and purpose.

The Challenge of Biblical Illiteracy

One of the most concerning trends among modern Christians is a widespread lack of biblical knowledge and engagement. In an age where information is readily available at our fingertips, many believers spend more time consuming secular media than they do studying Scripture. This has led to a troubling state of biblical illiteracy, where core teachings and principles of the faith are increasingly unknown or misunderstood.

Without a firm grounding in God’s Word, Christians can easily fall prey to false teachings, diluted theology, and a shallow, ineffective faith. It becomes increasingly difficult to discern truth from error, to stand firm against cultural pressures, and to grow in spiritual maturity. Overcoming this challenge requires a renewed commitment to regular Bible reading, study, and meditation – not merely as an intellectual exercise, but as a means of drawing closer to God and aligning our lives with His will.

The consequences of biblical illiteracy are far-reaching and deeply concerning. When believers lack a deep understanding of Scripture, they become vulnerable to the influence of secular ideologies, self-help teachings, and feel-good messages that may sound appealing but ultimately fail to provide the solid foundation of truth that the Christian faith is built upon. This can lead to a distorted view of God, a diminished sense of identity and purpose in Christ, and a weakened ability to effectively share the gospel with a lost and hurting world.

Moreover, biblical illiteracy within the Church can have a ripple effect, undermining the credibility and moral authority of the Church as a whole. When Christians are unable to articulate and defend the core tenets of their faith, it becomes increasingly difficult for the Church to speak with a clear, prophetic voice on the critical issues facing society. This can lead to a loss of public trust and a marginalization of the Church’s influence, ultimately hindering its ability to fulfill the Great Commission.

Overcoming the challenge of biblical illiteracy requires a multi-faceted approach. First and foremost, it requires a personal commitment from individual believers to prioritize the study of Scripture, not merely as an academic exercise, but as a means of deepening their relationship with God and aligning their lives with His will. This can be achieved through regular Bible reading, in-depth study, small-group discussions, and the faithful application of biblical principles in daily life.

Additionally, the Church must take an active role in addressing this challenge by providing robust biblical education and discipleship programs, equipping believers with the tools and resources necessary to develop a strong, biblically-grounded faith. This may include expository preaching, systematic theology classes, and intentional mentoring relationships that help believers grow in their understanding and application of God’s Word.

The challenge of biblical illiteracy is not one that can be overcome overnight, but it is a critical issue that demands our attention and collective effort as the Body of Christ. By prioritizing the study and application of Scripture, we can reclaim our identity as people of the Book, standing firm in the truth of God’s Word and effectively fulfilling our calling to be salt and light in a world that is increasingly in need of the transformative power of the gospel.

The Struggle with Moral Relativism

Another significant challenge facing today’s Christians is the pervasive influence of moral relativism – the belief that there are no absolute moral truths, and that each individual or culture can define their own set of values and ethical standards. This worldview stands in stark contrast to the clear, objective moral teachings of Scripture, which call believers to live according to God’s unchanging standards of righteousness.

In a society that increasingly celebrates personal autonomy and the validation of all beliefs and lifestyles, Christians can face intense pressure to compromise their convictions or to remain silent on moral issues. This can lead to a weakening of the Church’s prophetic voice and a reluctance to confront the sin and brokenness in our world. Overcoming moral relativism requires a deep understanding of biblical ethics, a willingness to stand firm in the face of opposition, and a commitment to graciously yet boldly proclaim God’s truth.

The dangers of moral relativism are profound. When a society rejects the notion of absolute moral truth, it opens the door to the normalization of unbiblical and destructive behaviors, from the devaluation of human life to the erosion of the family unit. Without a clear, objective standard of right and wrong, individuals and cultures can rationalize any manner of sinful and harmful practices, leading to a breakdown of social cohesion and a loss of shared values.

For the Christian, moral relativism presents a significant challenge to the very foundations of their faith. The Bible teaches that God has revealed His moral character and expectations through His Word, and that believers are called to conform their lives to this eternal, unchanging standard. Embracing moral relativism, therefore, requires a rejection of core biblical principles and a distortion of the Christian worldview.

Overcoming the challenge of moral relativism requires a multi-pronged approach. First and foremost, it requires a deep, personal commitment to the study and application of Scripture, developing a robust theological and ethical framework that is grounded in the truth of God’s Word. This, in turn, equips believers to engage confidently and compassionately with the moral and cultural debates of our time, offering a clear, biblical perspective that challenges the prevailing relativistic mindset.

Additionally, the Church must take a proactive role in addressing moral relativism, providing biblical teaching and discipleship that strengthens the theological and ethical foundations of its members. This may include expository preaching on relevant moral issues, small-group studies on Christian ethics, and the development of ministries and resources that equip believers to think critically and act courageously in the face of moral compromise.

The struggle with moral relativism is not one that can be won through mere intellectual arguments or political maneuvering. It requires a deep, Spirit-led transformation of the heart, where believers embrace the transformative power of the gospel and allow it to shape their lives and worldview. As the Church reclaims its prophetic voice and boldly proclaims the timeless truths of Scripture, it can serve as a beacon of hope in a world that is increasingly adrift in a sea of moral confusion and uncertainty.

The Temptation of Materialism

A third major challenge for modern Christians is the pervasive temptation of materialism – the obsession with the accumulation of wealth, possessions, and status. In a culture that equates material success with personal worth and the “good life,” it can be incredibly difficult for believers to maintain a proper perspective on the role of money and material possessions in their lives.

The pursuit of wealth and material comfort have easily become a substitute for the pursuit of God, leading to a distortion of priorities, a neglect of spiritual disciplines, and a failure to live generously and sacrificially for the sake of the kingdom. Overcoming materialism requires a robust theology of stewardship, a willingness to examine our hearts and motives, and a commitment to using our resources in alignment with God’s purposes.

At the heart of the struggle with materialism is the fundamental tension between the Christian call to detachment from the things of this world and the relentless cultural messaging that emphasizes the pursuit of wealth, status, and material possessions as the path to fulfillment and happiness. The Bible is clear in its warning against the love of money, which it describes as the “root of all kinds of evil” (1 Timothy 6:10). Jesus himself spoke frequently about the dangers of greed and the importance of storing up treasures in heaven rather than on earth (Matthew 6:19-21).

Yet, in a society that is increasingly defined by consumerism and the accumulation of material goods, it can be incredibly challenging for Christians to resist the siren call of materialism. The temptation to equate one’s worth and identity with the size of one’s bank account or the brand of one’s possessions is ever-present, leading many believers to compromise their values and neglect their spiritual growth.

Overcoming this challenge requires a deep, Spirit-led examination of our hearts and a willingness to re-prioritize our lives in accordance with biblical principles. This may involve a radical shift in our spending habits, a reduction in our material possessions, and a renewed commitment to generosity and sacrificial giving. It may also require a reframing of our understanding of true wealth, recognizing that our ultimate security and significance is found not in the things of this world, but in our relationship with God and our investment in eternal, spiritual realities.

As the Church grapples with the pervasive influence of materialism, it must offer a compelling, counter-cultural vision of what it means to live a life of true abundance and fulfillment. This involves a robust theology of stewardship, one that recognizes the gifts of wealth and material provision as tools to be used for the advancement of God’s kingdom and the care of those in need. It also requires the cultivation of spiritual disciplines, such as prayer, fasting, and the study of Scripture, that help believers maintain an eternal perspective and resist the allure of earthly treasures.

The victory over materialism is not one that can be achieved through willpower alone. It requires a deep, Spirit-led transformation of the heart, where believers learn to find their true joy, identity, and security in Christ rather than in the fleeting and ultimately unsatisfying pursuit of material wealth and possessions. As the Church embraces this challenge and models a lifestyle of generosity, simplicity, and spiritual vitality, it can serve as a powerful witness to a world that is increasingly consumed by the idolatry of materialism.

Read also: What is the moral lesson of Jesus walking on water?


The challenges facing Christians in the modern world are complex and multifaceted, touching on issues of biblical literacy, moral relativism, and materialism, among others. Yet, as followers of Christ, we are called to confront these difficulties head-on, not with a spirit of fear or despair, but with the confidence and hope that comes from our faith in a sovereign, all-powerful God.

By diligently studying Scripture, standing firm in God’s truth, and living with a Kingdom-focused perspective, we can overcome the temptations and distractions of our age and become effective witnesses for Christ in a world that desperately needs the transformative power of the gospel. Let us, therefore, rise to the occasion, embracing the challenges before us and trusting in the One who has already secured our ultimate victory.

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